This karstic lake is about 10km far from Massa Marittima and it’s a beautiful spot, particularly suitable for nice walks along the bank, picnics or refreshing swims during summer. It is about 50mt deep and the river Bruna is its only estuary. The vegetation is characterised by rushes, poplars, eucalyptuses and Mediterranean scrub. Lots of water birds and fishes inhabit the crystal clear water: trouts, pikes and carps. The lake is interesting also from an archaeological point of view: the excavations during the ‘30s and ‘80s of the XX century brought to light the rests of four Etruscan villages, dating IX-VI centuries b.C. It is possible so see just the foundations but today we know that their presence was linked to copper extraction in Capanne and Serrabottini. These villages probably used to send the minerals to the city of Vetulonia. Among the rests, not only houses have been found but also graves. Most artifacts are today displayed at the Archaeological Museum in Massa Marittima. The legend: Stories say that instead of the lake, once there used to be wheat fields. The farmers back then used to rest and celebrate Sant’Anna, the harvest protector, on the 26th of July. In a particularly prosperous year though, some of them decided to work anyway, without paying tribute to the Saint. At some point the land started to tremble and the sky became cloudy, then an earthquake caused a sinkhole that swallowed everyone. When the storm faded, the fields were not there anymore and the hole was filled by water: the Accesa Lake was born! Rumours say that on Sant’Anna’s day you can still hear the screams of the farmers who drowned.
The rise of Gavorrano as the seat of one of the largest pyrite mines in Europe began at the end of the 19th century. The mines of Gavorrano, which are connected in underground with other mines of the district Ravi on 250 km of galleries, were the main employer of the region. Tourism has only played a role since the 90s. The abandoned mining facilities have been prepared since 2003 in a Parco Minerario Naturalistico as a museum and to visit with a guide. In the nearby quarry an open-air theater "Teatro delle Rocce" was created. In the summer months there are numerous concerts and theater performances.
The warm sulphurous waters of Saturnia were well-known by first the Etruscans and later the Romans. In fact, they believed them to be a gift from the gods, and made good use of the waters and its healing powers. Though with the passing of the years, the local superstition changed, and they used the waters less and less. The Medieval legend has it that its springs are born in the exact point where Jupiter's thunderbolt fell in a battle against Saturn and the scars left by the thunderbolt were the portals to hell, and that's why there was the steamy and smelly water gushing out.
Parco Regionale della Maremma
An impracticable and wild chain of hills descending towards the sea with sandy beaches and cliffs surrounded by marshes, pine woods, cultivated fields and grazing lands. The Park area, delimited by the railway line Livorno-Rome, stretches along the Tyrrhenian coast from Principina a Mare to Alberese, and up to Talamone. The Park is characterized by important geographical elements such as the last stretch of the river Ombrone, the orographic system of the mountains of the Uccellina which reaches 417 meters of height in Poggio Lecci, the marsh area of the Trappola, and the coast which is both sandy and characterized by steep cliffs.
Florence's museums, palaces, and churches house some of the greatest artistic treasures in the world. The most popular and important sites in Florence include the Cathedral , the Baptistery and the Uffizi . The churches of Santa Maria Novella and Santa Croce are veritable art galleries, and the library of San Lorenzo is a magnificent exhibition of Michelangelo's architectural genius. Wander some of the oldest streets in the city until you reach the Arno River, cross the Ponte Vecchio, and experience the "newest" area of Florence, the Oltrarno. Be sure to set aside time to see the vast and varied art collection housed in the Pitti Palace. When you grow weary of museums and monuments, head outdoors. Spend a day at the Boboli Gardens or going to to Piazza Michelangelo to experience an enchanting view of Florence.
The monastery including the enormous church without a roof the Hermitage of Monte Siepi where, the legend tells us that San Galgano retired around 1170 to live as a hermit. As a symbol of peace he embedded his sword in a stone, which can still be seen today.The Abbey was built around 1218 and 1288 by the Cistercian monks who usually built their monasteries close to rivers (the Merse in this case) and along important thoroughfares (la Maremma). The famine in 1329 and the plague in 1348 hit the community badly and in the end of the 15th century the monks moved to Siena.
Siena is likely Italy's loveliest medieval city, and a trip worth making even if you are in Tuscany for just a few days. Siena's heart is its central piazza known as Il Campo, known worldwide for the famos palio run here, a horse race run around the piazza two times every summer. Siena is said to have been founded by Senius, son of Remus, one of the two legendary founders of Rome thus Siena's emblem is the she-wolf who suckled Remus and Romulus - you'll find many statues throughout the city. The city sits over three hills with its heart the huge piazza del Campo, where the Roman forum used to be. The Campo is dominated by the red Palazzo Pubblico and its tower, Torre del Mangia. If you feel energetic, a climb up the over 500 steps will reward you with a wonderful view of Siena and its surroundings.
San Gimignano, a small walled village about halfway between Florence and Siena, is famous for its fascinating medieval architecture and towers that rise above of all the other buildings offering an impressive view of the city from the surrounding valley. At the height of its glory, San Gimignano's patrician families had built around 72 tower-houses as symbols of their wealth and power. Although only 14 have survived, San Gimignano still retains its feudal atmosphere and appearance. Recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1990, San Gimignano offers visitors the chance to step back in time while enjoying its local products including saffron and its white wine, the Vernaccia di San Gimignano.